Cooley v. Board of Wardens of Port of Philadelphia ex rel. Soc. for Relief of Distressed Pilots

PETITIONER: Aaron B. Cooley
RESPONDENT: Board of Wardens of Port of Philadelphia ex rel. Soc. for Relief of Distressed Pilots
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: None
DECIDED BY: Taney Court (1851-1852)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Feb 09, 1852 / Feb 10, 1852 / Feb 11, 1852
DECIDED: Mar 02, 1852

Facts of the case

A Pennsylvania law required that all ships entering or leaving the port of Philadelphia hire a local pilot. Ships that fail to do so would be subject to a fine, which would go to a fund for retire pilots and their dependents. This fund was administered by the Board of Wardens of the Port of Philadelphia. Cooley was a ship owner. He refused to hire a local pilot and he also refused to pay the fine.

Question

Does the law violate the Commerce Clause of the Constitution?