Clark v. Martinez Case Brief

Facts of the Case

Petitioner aliens, ordered removed but detained beyond the 90-day removal period, filed habeas corpus petitions challenging their continued detention. In one case, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed a writ ordering the alien released with conditions. In the second case, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit affirmed a denial of the petition.

Question

Are arbitration clauses in employment contracts — waiving an employee’s right to bring statutory claims in federal court — enforceable?

CONCLUSION

Yes. In a 7-2 decision delivered by Justice Antonin Scalia, the Court said the requirement that immigrants be detained no longer than reasonably necessary for deportation applied to both admissible and inadmissible immigrants. Because readmission to Cuba was unforeseeable, the detentions of Martinez and Benitez were unreasonable. The Court refused to give the same immigration statute different interpretations based on immigrants’ characteristics.

Case Information

Citation: 543 US 371 (2005)
Granted: Mar 1, 2004
Argued: Oct 13, 2004
Decided: Jan 12, 2005
Case Brief: 2005