Central State Univ. v. American Assn. of Univ. Professors, Central State Univ. Chapter

PETITIONER: Central State Univ.
RESPONDENT: American Assn. of Univ. Professors, Central State Univ. Chapter
LOCATION: Alden's Workplace

DOCKET NO.: 98-1071
DECIDED BY: Rehnquist Court (1986-2005)
LOWER COURT: Ohio Supreme Court

CITATION: 526 US 124 (1999)
DECIDED: Mar 22, 1999

Facts of the case

To increase the amount of time that public university professors spend teaching, Ohio enacted Ohio Rev. Code Ann. section 3345.45. Central State University adopted a workload policy pursuant to section 3345.45. The university then notified its professors that it would not bargain over the issue of faculty workload. The professors' collective-bargaining agent filed a complaint seeking declaratory and injunctive relief, claiming that section 3345.45 created a class of public employees not entitled to bargain regarding their workload and that this classification violated the Equal Protection Clauses of the Ohio and United States Constitutions. In response, the state argued that achieving equal workloads was necessary to recapture the decline in teaching and that collective bargaining produced variation in workloads. The Ohio Supreme Court agreed with the professors and found that no evidence linked collective bargaining to the decline in faculty time devoted to undergraduate teaching.

Question

Does Ohio statutory exemption of state university faculties' instructional workload standards from collective bargaining violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?