Califano v. Jobst Case Brief

Facts of the Case

An action was instituted in the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri challenging the validity of the provisions of202 of the Social Security Act,, whereby secondary benefits received by a disabled dependent child of a covered wage earner terminate when the child marries a person who is not entitled to benefits under the Act, even though such person is permanently disabled, whereas such secondary benefits do not terminate if the marriage is to another person who is receiving benefits under the Act. The plaintiff, disabled by cerebral palsy since birth, had received child’s insurance benefits after his father died, but the plaintiff’s benefits under the Act were terminated upon his marriage to another cerebral palsy victim who was not entitled to benefits under the Act. The District Court held that202 deprived the plaintiff of property without due process of law. On an earlier appeal, the United States Supreme Court vacated the District Court’s judgment and remanded the case for reconsideration in light of newly enacted provisions authorizing supplemental security income for the disabled (). On remand, the District Court concluded that the new statutes had no relevance to the issues in the case at bar, and reinstated its original judgment.


“Federal law requires state prisoners to “fairly present” their allegations of federal constitutional violations to state courts before turning to federal courts. To meet this requirement, do prisoners need to specifically say their claims are federal constitutional claims?”



Case Information

Citation: 434 US 47 (1977)
Argued: Oct 4, 1977
Decided: Nov 8, 1977
Case Brief: 1977