Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (2)

PETITIONER: Oliver Brown, Mrs. Richard Lawton, Mrs. Sadie Emmanuel et al.
RESPONDENT: Board of Education of Topeka
LOCATION: Board of Education

DOCKET NO.: 1
DECIDED BY: Warren Court (1955-1956)
LOWER COURT: Federal district court

ARGUED: Apr 11, 1955 / Apr 12, 1955 / Apr 13, 1955 / Apr 14, 1955
DECIDED: May 31, 1955

ADVOCATES:
Thurgood Marshall - for the appellants in No. 2 and No. 3
Archibald G. Robertson - for the appellees in No. 3
C. Ferdinand Sybert - for the amici curiae in Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
George E. C. Hayes - for the petitioners in No. 4
Harold R. Fatzer - for the appellees in No. 1
I. Beverly Lake - for the amici curiae in Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
J. Lindsay Almond, Jr. - for the appellees in No. 3
Joseph Donald Craven - for the petitioners in No. 5
James M. Nabrit, Jr. - for the petitioners in No. 4
Louis L. Redding - for the respondents in No. 5
Milton D. Korman - for the respondents in No. 4
Mac Q. Williamson - for the amici curiae in Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
Robert L. Carter - for the appellants in No. 1
Richard W. Ervin - for the amici curiae in Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
Robert McCormick Figg, Jr. - for the appellees in No. 2
Ralph E. Odum - for the amici curiae in Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
Spottswood Robinson III - for the appellants in No. 2 and No. 3
S. E. Rogers - for the appellees in No. 2
Simon E. Sobeloff - Solicitor General, Department of Justice, for the United States
Thomas J. Gentry - for the amici curiae in Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
John Ben Shepperd - for the amici curiae in Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
Burnell Waldrep - for the amici curiae in Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5

Facts of the case

After its decision in Brown (1) which declared racial discrimination in public education unconstitutional, the Court convened to issue the directives which would help to implement its newly announced Constitutional principle. Given the embedded nature of racial discrimination in public schools and the diverse circumstances under which it had been practiced, the Court requested further argument on the issue of relief.

Question

What means should be used to implement the principles announced in Brown I?