Andrus v. Allard Case Brief

Facts of the Case

Appellee artifact owner possessed artifacts composed of feathers of currently protected birds, but the artifacts existed before the statutory protections of the Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act), 16 U.S.C.S. § 668(a), and Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), 16 U.S.C.S. § 703, came into force. Appellee was prosecuted for violations of the Eagle Act and the MBTA by appellant Secretary of the Interior (Secretary). Appellee brought suit and alleged that the statutes did not forbid the sale of appellee’s artifacts insofar as the constituent birds’ parts were obtained prior to the effective dates of the statutes. The district court agreed. Appellant Secretary of the Interior challenged the decision.


Did the Pennsylvania blue law violate the First Amendment’s protection of free exercise of religious beliefs?



Case Information

Citation: 444 US 51 (1979)
Argued: Oct 1, 1979
Decided: Nov 27, 1979
Case Brief: 1979