Booker T. Washington was an African-American educator, author and advisor to Republican presidents. He was the dominant leader in the African-American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915; he founded what is now known as the Tuskegee University. Booker T. Washington focused on having education for real life jobs and not asking for equality from the whites. He just focused on getting help from the whites and accepting their place as blacks on earth. Booker T.
Washington wanted the good to show in all black people, he believed that the blacks should work for themselves. Booker T. Washington asked the white people for help not equality, he believed that they would not make it in society if they focused just on equality. Booker T. Washington wanted to have blacks trained for society and real life situations; he believed this was way more important than being book smart. He wanted job education for blacks so they could learn how to do their jobs and do them properly.
Booker T. Washington was known as being a great public speaker, when he spoke he talked to both the black and white race, when talking to the whites he focused on how blacks are stereotyped and when he spoke to the blacks he talked to them about how they should not hide in the shadow of the whites, they should break out of the box and be who they want to be he focused on all blacks being equal. W. E. B. Du Bois was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist author and editor. W. E. B.
Du Bois was one of the most important African-American activists during the first half of the 20th century he co-founded the NAACP and supported Pan-Africanism. Born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, Du Bois grew up in a relatively tolerant and integrated community. WEB Dubois focused on the exact opposite things of Booker T. Washington, Dubois focused on a strategy called the gradualist political strategy, the gradualist political strategy tells that Dubois was very focused on blacks being book smart in order for them to get anywhere in life.
He believed that they should be just like whites, with high education and IQ's which all comes from reading, writing, and organized education he wanted the blacks to have intellectual advances in their race. The smarter the blacks got, the more equal they were to the whites is what Dubois believed he asserted that economic security was not enough and blacks should become educated. Dubois mainly took what Booker T. Washington's wanted and went a step further with it. Dubois wanted the full package he wanted blacks to have the opportunities as well as being equal to the whites.
On the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota Oglala Sioux leaders requested the assistance of AIM in order to provide strength in their opposition to tribal president Richard Wilson, elected in 1972. The goals outlined by AIM leaders included support for the reformation of tribal government as well as bringing attention to Native American grievances an AIM spokesperson requested congressional investigations into conditions on all reservations and the corruption of the Bureau of Indian Affairs BIA.
They specifically wanted a hearing to take place concerning treaties and treaty rights, along with an investigation of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Department of the Interior at all agency and reservation levels. While AIM was in Wounded Knee fighting and negoiating with the government the government cut off the electricity to Wounded Knee and attempted to keep all food supplies from entering the area.
For the rest of that winter, the men and women inside Wounded Knee lived on minimal resources, while they fought the armed aggression of Federal Forces heavy gunfire was issued back and forth between the two sides but true to their word they refused to give up. Until enough was enough and on March 4 AIM leaders made a statement declaring they would leave Wounded Knee if the U. S. government would also leave and allow the Oglala to work out any conflict themselves.
After 71 days, the Siege at Wounded Knee had come to an end; with the government making nearly 1200 arrests. But this would only mark the beginning of what was known as the "Reign of Terror" instigated by the FBI and the BIA. During the three years following Wounded Knee, 64 tribal members were unsolved murder victims, 300 harassed and beaten, and 562 arrests were made, and of these arrests only 15 people were convicted of any crime. A large price to pay for 71 days as free people on the land of one's ancestors.
Today Pine Ridge reservation is the largest community in what may be the poorest counties in the United States. Even after slavery was abolished black people werel still enslaved they were denied decent housing and were trapped in inferior neighborhoods and communities, harassed by law enforcement if they lived in nicer neighborhoods or drove nice cars. Slaves were made to give up their birth families, so after slavery was abolished hundreds of people placed advertisements in newspapers searching for family members.
Parents returned to the places from which they had been sold to take their children from former owners who wanted to hold on to them to put them to work. When we look at Blacks today there is still segregation in some states and cities the black race is better off today though. They are able to live in the suburbs, go on to higher education such as college etc, and have careers in the white world. They still have a hard time grasping the concept of family traditions, values and beliefs unless they are raised in a family that has taught them these aspects of life and family.