America can never hide its dirty secret, but they will toil continuously to conceal this. Slavery is indeed the most atrocious act in American history. Just stating the facts is horrible, and this so dearly infuriates me to say this, but humans was brutally forced into armadas and compelled to capitulate what little rights of life they actually had. Families were interspersed, religion was lost, native glots were cut, and most importantly their identity was deleted. By the same token, how does one rebound from something like this enslavement?
Unfortunately, there was no rebound; Therefore, Negros’ cultural instability was unspontanious. That is, they were breed intentionally to be unstable as a race and culture in America. But how can one develop a culture under direct imprisonment? Under enforced custody, these people were subjected to the worst treatment imaginable. For instance, they were ordered to work, night and day without compensation. Again, families were constantly split up and auctioned away like cars, they were fed garbage; literally.
Women men and children were raped mercilessly, changing the pureness of their race. Above all, the act of slavery is chief in Negros cultural instability because of the extinction of native customs, and inhumane treatment during slavery. Furthermore, Negros did not have the correct utilities to formulate a true cultural society within America. Ultimately, after many decades, slavery ended. But a new problem obstructed Negros’ visions. The fact that they were independent meant they needed to survive. Courageously, two of the most talented Negros thus far, Booker T Washington and W.
E. B DuBois, roused to this challenge by offering their unprecedented intangible philosophies. Although Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. DuBois had opposing philosophies about social equality, I feel they both were of significance in regards to reconstruction and advancement of post slavery Negros. Booker T. Washington is best known for his role as the pioneer of Tuskegee University, and also he is recognized as one of the most influential Negro speakers of his time. Booker T. Washington’s opinion on social equality was flagrantly different than Dubois’s opinion. Booker T.
Washington was a former slave, so naturally I feel he was a fairly passive individual, yet very intelligent. But in respect to social equality, Washington felt equality was superfluous. As Washington explains in Atlantic Exposition Address, that he was called to deliver on behave of the Negro race. Washington fosters: Casting down your bucket among my people, helping and encouraging them as you are doing on these ground, and to education of the head, hand, and heart, you will find that they will buy your surplus land, make blossom the waste places in your field and run your factories.
While doing this, you can be sure in the future, as in the past, that you and your families will be surrounded by the most patient, faithful, lawabiding, and unresentful people that the world has seen. As we have proved our loyalty to you in the past, in nursing your children, watching by the sickbed of your mothers and fathers, and often following them tear-dimmed eyes to their graves, so in the future, in our humbles ways, we shall stand by you with a devotion that no foreigner can approach, ready to lay down our lives, if need be, in your defense…….
In all things that are purely social we can be as separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress (Washington 596) Washington’s rhetoric was extremely powerful. Washington essentially looked the oppressor right in the eyes and said, I as a representative of the American Negro I’m willing to pretend that my people have not been brutalized, but I want you to help us by employing us ,and by doing so, we shall provide excellent service as we have proven once before. I really feel like Washington is utilizing his ability of foresightment.
He understands that Negros are incapable at that point and time of full privileges, and whites are reluctant to accept the Negros as equal as well. But Washington also understands that the social equality has to be worked at gradually in order to acquire equal opportunity. But the fact is, they needed to progress by any means. W. E. B Du Bois had a completely different opinion on how Negros should pursue social advancement. W. E. B. Du Bois was born as free man, and intellectually he excelled through life. He is best known for a pioneering of the NAACP and being the first man of color to graduate from Harvard University with a PhD.
So by nature Dubois was extremely bright. DuBois retorted Washington’s Atlantic Exposition speech because he felt Negros had been at the bottom for too long, and it was time to make a change, drastically, primarily through education. Du Bois says: In answer to this, it has been claimed that Negro can survive only through submission. Mr. Washington distinctly asks black people give up, at least for the present , three things-First, political power, Second, insistence on civil rights, Third, higher education of Negro youth,-and concentrate all their all their energy on industrial education (Dubois704).
DuBois also combats by saying, “Yet after all they are but gates, and when turning our eyes from the temporary and contingent in Negro problem to broader the question of the permanent uplifting civilization of black men in America, we have a right to inquire (DuBois723). DuBois is honest, yet arrogant at the same time. Dubois point blank wants everyone to know that Washington is leading them back into slavery, by easily giving away their rights. Instead, DuBois wants more rights, he want equality now. In his sayings he confronts Washington as commercial and his polices as contingent.
Du Bois really opens a lot Negro eyes when he pulls the carpet from under Washington. Du Bois advancement is through education, not hard labor; he feels education is paramount to industrial work. Both Washington and Du Bois are significant figures within African American History. Washington with his courage to speak in front hundreds of people on behave of the Negro race, infusing so much positive energy with his Atlantic Exposition. His accomplishment of establishing Tuskegee University for the advancement of colored people was extraordinary.
Even though his method was a bit passive the amount of progress is endless. W. E. B. DuBois I my eyes an aristocrat, woke the sleeping giant by demanding rights fiercely. Establishing the NAACP for the progression of color people was deed. These two together, had opposing philosophies about social equality; I feel they both were of significance in regards to reconstruction and advancement of post slavery Negros. Works Cited Gates, Henry, ed. The Norton Anthology of African American Literture. NewYork: W. W Norton & Company, 2004.