Though quantifying crime levels has been a critical issue in criminal statistics, regions like Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gaza, Afghanistan and Pakistan have been considered to have very high rates inducing fear to large areas and people. All the people in South Sudan live in fear of attacks by other communities at all times. Besides, Gaza people are never sure of their lives until they see the evenings back in their homes. It is estimated that over 70% of the people living in high crime regions suffer psychologically especially for those who do not have alternative places to shift their residences to (Patrick and James 2008).
High levels of criminal activities in the developing countries have been blamed on poor governance and selective application of justice. Psychological effects People living in high level crime regions have strong fears and related emotional problems. With most of the people having come to terms with the criminals during their destructive activities in the society, they have been reported to have problem with their sleep and changed behaviors. Memories and images of people being shot on the streets or in their homesteads leaves horrifying images on people’s minds that are hard to remove.
Young people who experience such incidences have higher chances of being involved with criminal activities at a later age. After realization of the high vulnerability of crime and crime effects due to the regions of residence, most of the people suffer from low self esteem that discourages them from stronger participation in development activities. Erikson’s theory of psychological development denotes the need for effective environment for an individual to effectively participate in the society.
Self worthlessness by the people makes them to assume simplistic and boring lives as their friends leave the area. Luxury and life comfort aspects are never invested on as they are easily stolen. As a result, people assume simplistic lives that greatly limit their development. Most of the people in high crime regions suffer from stress and other related traumatic effects that negatively affect their productivity. Arguably, the notion that a friend or your child can easily be a victim of crime denies the residence peace of mind.
Coupled by understanding that security systems are highly inadequate or incompetent, the fear tortures their minds which at times invoke revenge mechanisms among the people. After understanding that people are strongly vulnerable to criminal activities in the society, US have allowed ownership of Guns for personal defense. However, it is with strict instructions that one is allowed posses and keeps fire arms (Hughes 1998). Besides, ownership of guns has positively been correlated with high crime rates in US and other regions.
In South Sudan, all the homesteads have several arms for counteracting criminal activities that rampages the region. The event of personal property that has been acquired for a long time with much sweat being taken away by criminals, rape of ones wife or daughters, killing of family members and friends with no sense of humanity has acted to change people’s faith. Repetitive suffering by families in the hands of criminals has reduced people’s tie with their religions since they perceive God as being uncaring and less concerned with their welfare.
Property lost may take long to recover especially in regions where insurance and compensatory mechanisms are poor. Most of the people in the society view it as a lifetime trap after they are denied all of their belongings and property by criminals. High levels of suicides reported in South Sudan have been related to criminal activities linked to loss of loved ones or property especially livestock. In case of rape, most of the victims find it hard to assume normal lives especially where mechanisms of counseling are poor (McLaughlin et al, 2003).