Velvel names several barriers women face on their way to the political success. Let’s have a look for example on the education. Larry Velvel made a research of the US law schools, which he considers to be the starting point for pursuing political careers, mainly due to the fact that 50 % of all US Senators are lawyers (Velvel, 2006). The problem, which arises here, is that minority women experience great problems in entering these schools, thus, the number of African-American, Latino and Asian-American women is very low in these schools.
And this is considered to be a huge disadvantage and is claimed to provide harmful effect on the US politics in general greatly due to the fact that these women in particular are the ones, who are highly concerned with the social welfare (). The barrier for minority women is made with the help of LSAT scores. Thus, majority of the law schools take their students on a basis primarily of LSAT scores. It is known that for the most part minority women do not have good scores on LSATs. There are but several schools, like Massachusetts Law School, which accept students without paying too much attention to LSATs (Velvel, 2006).
The problem of female underrepresentation in politics is also seen in the numerous structural, practical, power and emotional barriers. Quite often women are prevented to enter the field of politics because of the public image of this area of activity, which is considered to be strict, aggressive. It is viewed as the career, which is most unfavorable for women due to the fact that it is sphere of misogynistic men unfriendly to women, which is too hostile to women and which prevents women for fulfilling themselves as wives and mothers (Potter, 2007).
One of the major problems associated with the political career is the lack of childcare and other caring provision. I can say that this is a real obstacle for women politicians due to the fact that even in spite of their political career women still are the main ones who care about their family. Thus, many women suffer from self-reproaches when they have to leave their children (Potter, 2007). The other problem as I already mentioned lies in the lack of self-belief. Women are not sure in their own abilities and skills.
Quite often this feeling originated from the cultural backgrounds and family traditions. Women are brought up with the idea of male superiority and even the idea to fight men on the political arena is unacceptable for them. Because of this, women prefer to take a back seat and not put themselves on the front (Potter, 2007). Among the numerous political obstacles faced by the women in their political careers, researchers consider the following ones to be the most prominent: 1. In the political life of the majority of countries the “masculine model” still prevails.
Women more often than men experience the lack of party support, namely insufficient access to political networks, double standards in relation to women and low financial support of female candidates; 3. The cooperation with other public unions is not sufficient; 4. There is no well-considered and developed system for training female leadership skills and no public encouragement of women to participate in the political life of the country; For the most part the electoral system itself does not contribute to the women participation in politics (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007).