The automotive industry is compassed to six different manufacturers, General Motors, Ford, Toyota, Honda, Volkswagen and DaimlerChrylser. All six of these companies operate in the global competitive market place. Globalization in the automotive industry has moved fast or accelerated during the late 1990’s, because of the building of the important overseas companies and all the mergers between the companies.
The specialists would to have indicated that the expansion of the foreign commerce in the auto industry, and it dates back to the transfer of Ford Motor Company’s mass production from the U.S. to Western Europe and Japan that followed both World Wars (Business & Economics Research Advisor, Modern Global Automobile Industry, 2004).
There was a significant growth in the production of Japanese and German Markets. Another important to the industrial globalization is the export of the fuel efficient cars from Japan to the United States, the reason for this is because of the oil embargo from 1973 to 1974 (Business & Economics Research Advisor, Modern Global Automobile Industry, 2004). There are a number of things that can be identified by looking at the global automotive market. They are, Global Market Dynamics, Establishment of Global Alliances – U.S.
Automakers, and Industry Consolidation. There are also three tiers to consider, first tier company mergers –Volkswagen-Lamborghini, BMW-Rolls Royce; the second tier company mergers, Chrysler-Mercedes Benz; Renault-Nissan-Fiat and the third tier company mergers, Mazda-Mitsubishi; Kia-Volvo1974 (Business & Economics Research Advisor, Modern Global Automobile Industry, 2004). In the 21st century the UAW has been working hard to aid the auto industry to rebound and also helping their members to have a benefit package, the only problem with is that these generous benefit packages had led part of the automotive industry crisis in the 2008 – 2009.
The average UAW worker was being paid up to $70 per hour (and this included their health and pension, but the Toyota workers in the U.S. gets $10 to $20 less. According to the 2007 GM Annual Report, a typical autoworker will earn a base wage of $28 per hour. This is higher then then an educated engineer.
References Hiraoka, Leslie. S. Global Alliances in the Motor Vehicle Industry. Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 2001. LC Call Number: HD9710.A2 H57 2001 LC Catalog Record: 00037269 This study examines the origins, consequences, and trends of globalization in the motor vehicle industry, with chapters on transplants from Japan, US recovery, the DaimlerChrysler merger NAFTA, Mercosur, and the development of the motor vehicle industry in China and India. Book review by Book News, Inc. Lung, Yannick. Cars, Carriers of Regionalism. Houndsmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2004. LC Call Number: HE5611 .C279 2004
LC Catalog Record: 2003068747 This highly topical book brings together some of the world's leading specialists on the global car industry who discuss the ins and outs of the faster lane of regionalism at a time that the world is reassessing the ins and outs of globalization. It provides a thorough and up-dated mapping of the worldwide geography of the car industry, in the triad regions (Europe, North America and Japan), and in the emerging countries and regions. Review by Books In Print. Industry and Trade Summary:
Motor Vehicles. U.S. ITC Publication 3545, September 2002. Washington, D.C.: U.S. International Trade Commission, 2002. http://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/pub3545.pdf [PDF format: 1.8 MB / 82 p.] Sorkin, Andrew Ross. "A Bridge Loan? U.S. Should Guide G.M. in a Chapter 11." New York Times. November 18, 2008. General Motors Corporation 2007 Annual Report, page 62
* Barnard, John. American Vanguard: The United Auto Workers During the Reuther Years, 1935-1970. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8143-2947-0 * Boyle, Kevin. The UAW and the Heyday of American Liberalism, 1945-1968. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-8014-8538-X online * Associated Press. "Drop in U.A.W. Rolls Reflects Automakers’ Problems."
Associated Press. March 28, 2008. online * Lichtenstein, Nelson. The Most Dangerous Man in Detroit: Walter Reuther and the Fate of American Labor. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1995. ISBN 0-252-06626-X online * Lichtenstein, Nelson. "Auto Worker Militancy and the Structure of Factory Life, 1937-1955," Journal of American History 67 (1980): 335-53, in JSTOR * Thomas, Ken. "UAW Membership, Dues Declined Last Year." Associated Press. April 12, 2007. online