However, the liberalists argue that if prostitution were accepted as normal work for women, prostitute would no longer be marginalised and victimised in the patriarchal society. 19 In this sense, prostitution should not only be legalised, but also "normalised". Cultural education should be done to "correct" such fundamental "social or moral standard". Liberalists support women's rights should predominate over concerns for the "social good", or what perceived as the "moral standard".
Prostitutes should be free from oppressive gender roles and therefore should enjoy the freedom of choices to commodity their sexuality. Based on such idea, prostitution can be regarded as a career and the arguments of exploitation could be rebutted. They should also be entitled to enjoy equal rights, such as social welfare i. e. health care. Therefore, aiming to change the culture of the society would be a more feasible solution in the long term because it can ultimately solve the fundamental problem of such inhumanity act of the police force as well as victimisation of such minority group.
In addition of changing the culture of the society, the functionists also second the view of the liberalists that prostitution should be strictly controlled instead of eradicated from our society. Instead of denying their existence like China and Vietnam, countries like Germany, Austria and Switzerland regulate prostitution. These countries follow the view of the functionists and formally recognise the value of prostitution and try to benefit from it. 20 They have a positive social function, which is to provide a necessary and useful social service, such as moderating the rape rate.
They also support the state to control and organise the brothels to remove the trade from the streets and relocate it within a more comfortable and manageable setting. Female prostitute may hence subvert the conventional representation of prostitution. ie. Rather chosen by the customers on the street, they should have the power to choose the client, the type of service and the working environment. Legalisation would also save the prostitute the inconvenience and stigmatization of criminalization.
While allowing intervention by social work and other welfare agencies, which could provide assistance for women who might want to leave the game, and offer the prospect of rehabilitation. 21 In an economist point of view, the state could enjoy a triple economy by bringing prostitution into the regular, formal economy which provides the state to benefit through taxation from the profits of prostitutes, removing the costs of police and court's time and also resolving unemployment.
22 In this sense, regulating prostitutes may do more harm than good to the society, socially as well as economically. In regard of this, instead of eradicating prostitution, it should be strictly controlled. Such argument is greatly criticised by the feminists, as they believe that prostitution could be completely voluntary. In any male dominant society, women, especially those who have poor social and financial status, can only take a passive role. Feminist scholar, Laurie Shrage wrote in her book, Should Feminist Oppose Prostitution?
, suggested that prostitution and the act of degrading prostitutes is a tool to reinforce and support the patriarchal society. Women are warned away from the deviant of non-patriarchal-women subordinating-familial way of living, "… rather than subvert patriarchal ideology, the prostitution actions and the industry as a whole serve to perpetuate this system of values"23 Besides, once the women picked up the role of being a prostitute, they are particularly vulnerable to other sexual exploitations and will be less likely to "fight back" because they have already been "predisposed".
It is possible for men who seek prostitution by means to quench their desire for sex; there is a tendency for them to treat prostitutes who do so as commodity. Sex workers are not only exploited by men but female also regard them as "dirty women". Therefore, one may urge such demeaning occupation to be eradicated from our society. However, I hold the same view as the functionist and the liberalist, because regulating prostitution may do more harm than good to the society.
Firstly, we have to respect individual's will of being prostitute. Also, we cannot ignore the fact that some people visit prostitutes for the feeling of being loved and cared25 and these people treat prostitutes as friends rather than sex objects. In that sense, prostitutes are not being demeaned but valued. Therefore, changing the mindset of the society seems a far more feasible and practical way in solving the problem fundamentally than eradicating the entire sex industry from our society.