Reasons for differences in Robbery Rates: Since opening its doors to the evacuee’s Houston has experienced a 5. 8 percent increase in violent crime in the past 11 months. The rise in crime was predictable as the Houston population increased almost overnight changing the ratio of police officers per thousand Houstonians to 1. 9 compared to 2. 3 before Katrina, already down from the national average of 2. 8. Although not all crime is on the increase, violent crimes and robbery has increased since Katrina.
According to the Boston Globe, in 2006, Houston has had 252 murders, 56 of which involved Katrina evacuees either as the criminals or the victims. Last year, for the same period, Houston had 194 murders (Montaldo, 2007). On the other hand, Boston’s low crime rate in the last years of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st has been credited to its police department’s collaboration with neighborhood groups and church parishes to prevent youths from joining gangs, as well as involvement from the United States Attorney and District Attorney’s offices.
This helped lead in part to what has been touted as the “Boston Miracle” (Winship, 2002) Bibliography: Area Connect (2007). Boston MA Crime Statistics. http://boston. areaconnect. com/crime1. htm Winship, Christopher (2002). End of a Miracle? Crime, Faith, and Partnership in Boston in the 1990’s. http://www. wjh. harvard. edu/soc/faculty/winship/End_of_a_Miracle. pdf Eric Carlson (2007). Houston Crime Statistics. Citywide Robbery Trend – 2005 vs. 2006 (January-June). http://home. houston. rr. com/ecarlson/crimestats/robberytrend.
html Montaldo, Charles (2007). Crime Surge Continues in Katrina’s wake. http://crime. about. com/od/issues/a/katrinacrime. htm FBI (2004). Crime in the United States 2004. http://www. fbi. gov/ucr/cius_04/offenses_reported/violent_crime/robbery. html FBI – UCR (2005). Table 6: Crime in the United States by Metropolitan Statistical Area, 2005. http://www. fbi. gov/ucr/05cius/data/table_06. html FBI – UCR (2005). Table 12: Crime Trends by Population Group, 2004-2005. http://www. fbi. gov/ucr/05cius/data/table_12. html