Athenian Demokratia

How did Athens and Sparta deal with their internal enemies i. e. the poor? Sparta officially recognised the helots as their enemies. Every year Spartan government declared war on the Helots to stop them revolting. In contrast, Athens dealt with the threat of internal enemy by including them poor in political life. This turned out to be a better way of controlling them because there was no fear of the poor revolting. How did some of the poor benefit from the decisions of the assembly?

Many received land holdings abroad, which were awarded through a lottery, pay for military service and benefits – both financial and aesthetic from a large program of public works. 3. Why might the poor of Athens not look to other poleis to see how demokratia worked? Because other demokratia were not as secure as Athenian Demokratia. 4. What was a 'metic'? An immigrant, some one who was not Athenian but was allowed to live there. They did not have rights such as being in the assembly etc. 5. What were the rules of heritance? Heritance was really forward thinking.

All land was divided up between all of the sons, which meant that there was no discontent and no one had a huge amount of wealth or power. 6. What were the benefits of having a large intermediate class? It could preserve a constitution by throwing its great weight against provocative measure whether from the poor or very rich. It kept the rich and the poor in check. 7. According to Aristotle why did people with intermediate wealth not try to get more, especially property? Because the fear of loosing what they had was greater than the desire for more.

8. What do you understand by democratic inconsistency? Democracy changing its mind – e. g. Mytilene 9. Who was considered to be the founder of Athens's constitution? Solon 10. What do you understand by the term 'hybris'? It refers to degrading arrogance. 11. Write a few sentences about Kleisthenes. He was remembered as the creator of the 10 tribes on which democratic structures of the classical period were largely based. 12. What was the benefit of introducing a lottery to select assembly officials? It stopped the wealthy taking all of the power. It evened distribution of power between rich 13. What was ostrakism and what good points did t have? It was the process whereby politicians were exiled after making a political mistake.

It was good because it meant that the politician was allowed back into the city after 10 years and it also mean that they didn't loose their land. 14. When did Pericles die? 429 BC 15. Give an example of behaviour which was considered vulgar or bad manners among the rich. Anyone who shouted abuse from the stand in the assembly was considered to be rude and vulgar. 16. When was the revolution of the 400? 411 BC 17. What followed the 400? The campaign of terror and assassination against democratic leaders due ti their foreign policies. 18. Who were the 30? Oligarchs installed in Athens 19. What happened to the 30 and why?

They were prosecuted and injected by the army because they were violent and corrupt. 20. How long did the Demokratia last after 403 and why did it fail? 80 years, because the Macedonians arrived. 21. What as the general assembly called? The Ekklesia 22. How often did the Ekklesia meet? 4 times in a prytany (36 days) 23. How were the days allocated for matters to be discussed? 1 day to take vote of confidence on the officials, then serving to deal with corn supply and defence of country, to hear the laying of certain important accusations and announcements which had become subject to transfer.

1 day to allow formal petitioners to address the subject. 24. How did they deal with emergencies with regard to the allocation of days? The held back meetings towards the end of the prytany. 25. How do you account for the change in numbers attending the ekklesia? People outside of Athens found it hard to get to frequent meetings. They were asked to attend in force as they had no jobs. Poor people couldn't go because they introduced fees to go into the assembly. 26. Why was Pericles considered to be so different from other assembly members? According to Thucydides he was not corrupt. 

Were all of the members of the ekklesia thought to be honest? If not how were they considered to be dishonest? They all took bribes. 28. What were the functions of the bouli To process news and prepare sensible motions. They filtered things before they went to the bouli. 29. How could people put forward a proposal to the bouliIn writing only 30. What was the point of doing this? To stop trivial complaints and to stop Chinese whispers. If things were in writing people could not retract accusations. 31. What was the connection between the bouli?? and tribute? The bouli?? supervised the collection of the tribute.