Of the total number of incidences of crime hate which were reported to the law enforcement agencies, 82 of them were attributed to the disability of the victim. Of these cases, 62 offenses were directed at people with mental disabilities while 20 of these offenses were directed at people with physical disabilities. Types of offenses committed. In 2007, it has been discussed that there were 9006 cases of hate crimes which were reported. Most of these crimes involved destruction, vandalism and damage to property, and they constituted 32. 4% of the crimes. The proportion of crimes which involved intimidation was 28.
5% while those which involved simple assault were 18. 7%. The proportion of hate crimes which involved aggravated assault was 12. 4% while the proportion of crimes which involved additional crimes against property, people and society. Arguments which oppose hate crime laws There are certain people who are of the opinion that the laws which punish hate crimes are in contradiction with the freedom of speech which individuals enjoy. Some of these people argue that if hate crimes are crimes which are committed as a result of the contempt that the perpetrator has toward the victim, then this should mean that all crimes constitute hate crimes.
According to Bernhardt (2003), they further argue that since this is the case, then punishing some people more severely than others who have committed a similar crime on the basis of the identity of the victim, contravenes the constitution of the United States which stands for equality. In cases such as murder and rape, proving that the motivation behind the crime is hate against specific groups as opposed to passion, defeats rationality and is ridiculous. This is because victims in both cases suffer similar fates.
Finally, these people argue that in free societies, the ideas and thoughts that people have, should not be held against them regardless of whether they offend other people or not. These crimes should only be punishable if the victim experiences physical harm. Active hate groups in the United States. There are several hate groups which are active and operate within the United States. The number of hate groups appears to increase each year. In fact, between 2000 and 2007, the number of hate groups has increased by over 48%. In 2000, the number of hate groups operating in the United States was 602, but it increased to 888 by the end of 2007.
Some of them include the Neo-Nazis, who target Jews although they despise all people who are not white. They believe that these other races, especially Jews, have a conspiracy to control financial institutions, the government and the media. The racist skinheads on the other hand are another racist group and they appeared in US during the beginning of 1980s. They are often very violent and are found in urban areas. These too believe in the neo-Nazi ideologies. Black separatists on the other hand are of the opinion that there should be a separate state for black people, or African Americans.
They see the black population as a chosen people and usually attack the other races. This hate group mostly targets white people. The Ku Klux Klan on the other hand is a movement which opposes the black separatists and views the chosen people to be the white people. It has been operational for a long time, since African American slavery was operational, and mostly attacks black people. This hate group usually features white hoods and masked faces as their trademark. Strategies used by hate groups. There are several strategies which hate groups use to perpetuate their ideology and rationalize cause. Some of them are discussed below;