Advantages & Disadvantages of Electric CarsAdvantages ~ a safe way to convert fossil fuels into automotive power ~ more efficient than gas-powered vehicles because their fuel can be harnessed from any source of electricity, which is available in most homes and businesses ~ the electricity created by electric cars is created by the burning of fossil fuels at power plants, instead of in an internal-combustion engine which pollutes the air. ~ the only new system required for electric cars is one that charges the batteries, and major automakers are working on creating a standard system for battery charging
~ electric cars change the chemical composition of the pollution for the better ~ electric vehicles produce “zero emissions” in urban cities, where cleaner air is much needed. This is because the polluting power plants are situated far from the urban areas and therefore will improve the air quality in polluted urban areasDisadvantages disadvantage ~ electric vehicles have not been widely adopted because they are rather impractical ~ Due to the lack of modern battery technology, electric cars are limited as to the distance that can be driven before the complete failure of the battery.
Today, the average lifetime of a lead-acid battery is only about 100 miles. ~ Electric cars also cannot cruise, accelerate, or climb fast enough to compete with gasoline-powered cars, and accessories, such as air conditioning and radios, drain the battery even further. ~ Because electric cars are usually created by replacing the fuel tank and gasoline engine of a conventional car with electric motors, batteries, chargers, and controllers, the result is a car that is heavier and less efficient then a car solely running on electricity
~ more expensive because the manufacturer cannot fully recover the cost of the discarded parts. ~ electric vehicles are not completely “emission-free”. If the electricity used is produced in a coal- or oil-fired generator, this only transfers the emissions from the tailpipe to the power plant. ~ They also change the composition of the pollution for the worse, by increasing the amount of sulfur oxide ( a key cause of acid rain) and ultra-fine soot particles which also have negative health effects. Advantages & Disadvantages Of The Electric Car
Written by Chris on 30 April 2010. Visited 107 times, 2 so far today In this article we take a look at the advantages and current (but improving) disadvantages of the Electric Car. With more and more car manufacturers making new Electric Cars, this is obviously the way forward for the future, but there is obviously a very long way to go. THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE ELECTRIC CAR Electric cars are not only cheaper and greener to run, but in the long term they will help with the problem the world is facing with running out of oil resources.
THE DISADVANTAGES: * They are currently expensive to buy with some costing up to $50,000 * Short battery life (some have to recharge after only 100 miles) * The batteries take up a lot of space * lack of charging points in the community, although this is expected to improve in time * Recharging costs (although cheaper than liquid fuel) can put a sttain on your electricity bill * Recharging the battery can take anything from 1 hour and up to 8 hours * Some are considered to be too small
* Not an ideal family car, but again this is likely to improve over time * Some consider the designs to be “ugly” A NEW CONCEPT IDEA: A new concept to increase the cars travel compacity is to have two or more batteries installed, where you can switch to another battery when you start running out of charge. Then whilst you are running on a second battery, a dynamo can recharge your dead battery whilst you are driving. The problem with this is that the batteries would have to be made smaller to be able to fit nicely into the car.