The most important enforcement level is the federal level of policing because the criminal acts that are involved in these cases are often high-risk and has very serious and long term effects on the society. Criminal acts are often criminal problems that have a wide base of operation (thus requiring the ability to cross boundaries between state to effectively operate) and have serious implications and effects, not just to the immediate individuals involved in the criminal sphere, but also to the greater majority.
Local and state level policing are involved in cases that are limited to the locality and thus, limited in scope. Whereas, concerns that involve the need for federal police response are often bigger in scope. This is not to say that local and state levels are not important; they are too. But this paper merely points out that federal level cases are often bigger, more complex and impacts bigger and larger amounts of people. For example, inter-state and even cross-country (US, Mexico and Canada) problems of drug problems and drug pipeline is an important criminal problem that impacts the society severely.
While some of the breaks may have happened in the local or state level policing, there is still the need for a federal-wide capabilities to thoroughly handle this criminal problem. But regardless of federal or local or state-wide policing, the ethos of police service is grounded on its important components. The five components of the mission of modern law enforcement are: enforce and support the laws of society in which the police are a part, investigate crimes and apprehend offenders, prevent crime, help ensure domestic peace and tranquillity and provide the community with needed enforcement-related services.
Each component of the mission is fulfilled using modern police function. For example, the enforcement and support the laws of society in which the police are a part is accomplished because the integral role of the modern police function is to act as the arm that enforces the law. The investigation of crimes and the apprehending of offenders is accomplished because part of the modern police functions are the tasks that authorize them with the execution of steps and methods leading to solving crimes and apprehending the culprits.
The prevention of the crime is generally the basic modern police function and the details of the functions of the modern police allows them to accomplish this – from investigation to other tasks reserved to the police in the criminal justice process. The helping in ensuring domestic peace and tranquillity is accomplished through the modern police function of patrolling the streets and monitoring domestic stability and when necessary providing police intervention to stop potential domestic violence.
While the providing the community with needed enforcement-related services is accomplished through the aspect of modern police function on community service wherein aside from providing the public with the basic protection and security, the police is also providing them with other services like education (through their roles in educating and campaigning against crime), health etc. These components help define the modern day police, particularly in the US, that has developed its police with the help of the model that the British, particularly Robert Peel (Foner, Garraty, 1991, p.
847), has created. Because of this, it cannot be helped that there are traces of similarities between the United States and Robert Peel’s police models. The first similarity is the orientation for public service, that the police is the servant of the public and to be a cop means to be in service of other people and to protect them in any possible way. Another similarity is found in the use of force to combat crime. The deeper idea is not the presence of a weapon but the idea of using as little force as possible in dealing with criminals.
Peel’s and today’s cops may differ in weaponry; still, there exist a common paradigm for the use of weapons and how it should be used with utmost sense of control and discretion. References Bumgarner, J. B. (2006). Federal Agents: The Growth of the Federal Law Enforcement in America. Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated. Foner, E. and Garraty, J. A. (1991). The Reader’s Companion to American History. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Trade and Reference. Mount, F. (2007). Peel The Empiricist. A Review of Douglas Hurd’s Peel biography.
Times online. Retrieved July 29, 2009, from www. tls. timesonline. co. uk/article/0,,25336-2648901,00. html PoliceLink. com (2009), Retrieved July 29, 2009, from www. policelink. com Number10. gov (2009). Sir Robert Peel. Retrieved July 29, 2009, from www. pm. gov. uk/output/Page151. asp State Trooper Directory (2009). Retrieved July 29, 2009, from www. statetroopersdirectory. com State Law Enforcement Directory (2008).