An organized crime is described as a “systematically unlawful activity for profit on a city-wide, interstate, and even international scale. ” Most of the activities of organized crime groups are underground and illegal. Also, membership is exclusive wherein a person is recruited through referral. More so, most of the groups that perform organized crime are from “closely knit immigrant groups that do not trust the local police and other authorities. ” Because of this, the term “Mafia” was coined which is also known as the Mob. Mostly, the members of the Mob come are of Sicilian descent.
Historically, the term “Mafia” pertained to the “loose association of Sicilians in the middle ages who collaborated for protection and vigilante law enforcement during the Spanish occupation of the island. ” Back then, majority of the citizens were skeptical about the capabilities of the Spanish government in protecting their welfare. As a result, they formed groups that can protect them which later on progressed into the concept of a “Mafia” (u-s-history. com). One of the prominent Mafia families in New York is the Lucchese Family.
They were part of the Five Families who were considered as the prominent personalities in the field of organized crimes. At the start of the establishment of the Lucchese as a ‘family,’ Tom Reina was the head but his reign was cut short when he was assassinated which instigated the Castellammarese War. This conflict was initiated by Joe "The Boss" Masseria whose intention was to prevent Reina’s people from taking the side of Sal Maranzano, another influential Mafia head. But things turned out for the worse when the remaining member of the Lucchese family took refuge from Maranzano (mafiasite.
8m, 2000). This particular war ignited a “full-scale underworld battle for the control of New York and the East Coast. ” Furthermore, the root of the problem between these two families was caused by the fight for “control not just of illegal liquor distribution, but of all criminal opportunities that were available: from extortion and numbers, to drugs and loan-sharking. ” As years passed, the power and sphere of influence of the Mafia families have intensified. They were able to manipulate numerous business establishments and even some government officials.
Through this, the Lucchese family got involved in the formation of an extensive network of local and international criminal activities (Lombard, 2001). Since the inception of the Lucchese family, several leaders or ‘don’ have taken the principal position of leading the group. Throughout the years, the family had evolved. When Gaetano Gagliano was the ‘Underboss,’ he forged ties with the garment industry that helped boost the revenues of the family. Also, he befriended the Police Commissioner of the New York Police Department at that time which had provided some protection for their illegal activities.
Meanwhile, under the control of Gaetano Lucchese, the family acquired their resources through “union control, loan-sharking, gambling, hi-jacking, numbers and drugs. ” Out of all these money-making resources, the importation and selling of heroin was the most profitable. Because of this, the Lucchese family had immensely invested in this business despite the prohibition against drug trafficking (Gangstersinc, 2009). After this, the family gradually experienced setbacks in their illegal operations.
They were closely being hunted down by a new breed of law enforcement officials as well as other mafia families. Some of the members of the Lucchese family were either murdered or captured by government officials and were put into prison. But this did not discourage other members to continue what they have started. However, the strength of the Lucchese family has dissipated compared to its power during its foundation. Nevertheless, this incident was not perceived as an obstacle but more of a challenge for the remaining members to thrive in the world of organized crimes.
Gangstersin.. (2009). Gaetano “Tommy Brown” Lucchese. Retrieved January 13, 2009, from http://gangstersinc. tripod. com/ThomasLucchese. html Lombard, R. (2001, January 16). The Rise of the Lucchese Family. Retrieved January 13, 2009, from http://www. suite101. com/article. cfm/organized_crime/57815 Mafiasite. 8m. (2000). Lucchese Family. Retrieved January 13, 2009, from http://www. mafiasite. 8m. com/lucchese. htm U-S-history. com. (n. d). Organized Crime. Retrieved January 13, 2009, from http://www. u-s-history. com/pages/h1596. html