Germans initially worked as indentured servants and settled in upstate New York and Pennsylvania. In 1840s up until World War I Germans became the larges immigrants to the US (Gjerde, 1998). This was as a result in revolutions that occurred in German States. The refugees settled in Cities like Chicago, New York and Milwaukee. Germans engaged in industrial works and numerous professional activities, politics and journalism. Germans were clearly antislavery as opposed to local Americans who freely traded slaves. They were also not allowed to vote unless they became registered as citizens.
Irish immigrants Even before the Revolution in America, Irish immigrants had begun flocking in in moderate numbers as ordinary household servants, and others as indentured servants. More immigrants settled in the 1820 and were involved in lumbering, canal building and construction of civil structures in the Northeast (Takaki, 2007). Small communities developed in cities such as Philadelphia, New York, Providence and Boston. Between 1845 and 1850, many Irish immigrants settled inn Canada to escape from the Great Famine of Ireland and later traveled to U. S. A.
Irish immigrants worked as civil engineering workers, soldiers, maids, farmers, ranchers and hunters (Richard, 2003). Discrimination and stereotyping of Irish people in social situations were common in the US. Most notable, Irish Protestants were discriminated against by local Catholics and immigrants were often denied good jobs but were allowed to do difficult and risky jobs. Conclusion For various reasons immigrants flocked into the seemingly fruitful land that is America.
While they found favorable conditions as they settled, they also experienced several challenges mostly in the form of segregation, hard labor and tight immigration rules.
References Gjerde J 1998 Major Problems in American Immigration and Ethnic History Houghton Mifflin College Takaki, R. 2007 A Different Mirror A History of Multicultural America New York USA Richard J. 2003 Irish Catholic Immigration to America wwwmemorylocgovernmentlearnfeaturesimmigirish. html retrieved on 24 February 2009 Wesley J 2004 Scandinavian immigration wwwmemorylocgovlearnfeaturesimmigscandinavian2html retrieved on 24 February 2009