American Goverment - Citizenship Knowledge

What is democracy? A democracy is electoral process in which the government is elected by its people. The collective people must be knowledgeable active citizens in a political community. This political community is called government, institution and procedures in which its people are ruled. The people have the power to choose their government and the government is given the power to rule the citizens. The people have the power to influence the government’s leadership organization, and policies however; the government has to follow policies and guidelines that are set through the political process.

The Greeks believed in a philosophical way of thinking by using truth and reason to explain the world around them. During the dark ages was the period between the fall of Rome and the renaissance, a stage of bantam advancement. The reformation and enlightenment; the movement, opted for a more philosophical, scientific way of reasoning, instead of superstitious beliefs to explain the unknown and mere coincidences. The theory of the divine rights of kings claimed that the people were to be govern by a king or queen; who received their authority from the church, their received their power from God.

The social contract was the agreement to give up sovereignty freedom to the government to maintain social stability. Furthermore came the mayflower; the ship that transported English and Dutch separatist to America. Then the colonies were established by Britain. In 1754 the French and Indian war erupted over British westward expansion that belongs to the French and also fighting for trade routes. The war resulted in debt for Britain in order to alleviate their debt they imposed a series of taxes on the 13th colonies. The colonists infuriated by the taxes declared independence.

The Greeks set the fundamental ideals to a democracy. The creation of The Constitution of The United States of America was a slow and difficult path because of different issues such as cooperation and compromise from all the states. The first attempt in the creation of the Constitution of The United States was the Articles of Confederation in November 15, 1777 but was not ratified until March 1, 1781. Even though the articles of confederation were supposed to bring a solution and unify the states they actually brought the opposite.

States governments got stronger and the central government got weaker which at the same time created division among all the states. All these issues were taken into consideration in whether or not was convenient to revise The Articles or to completely replace them. The decision was to rewrite it for what they took into account issues that were not taken into consideration before; such as Division of power between branches of government and between the federal and state governments, slavery, trade, taxes, foreign affairs, representation, and even the procedure to elect a president.

It was not until five months later after many debates that the constitution was actually finished; this new constitution created federal republic with a stronger central government; leaving most of the power to the states but not completely. Also, the constitution preamble was constituted by five objectives general welfare, establish justice, domestic peace, common defense, and to secure our blessings.

The government was composed by three branches Legislative (representatives and senators), Executive (the President, Vice President, and all the cabinet members), and Judicial (Supreme Court, Court of appeals and District Courts). Finally, we have two different types of individuals ideals those who favored a strong central government are called federalists; and antifederalist those who preferred a weak national government and strong state government. Federalism is the process in which two governments share the power.

In The United States of America these two governments are the central government and the states governments. Governments can be divided in two systems; the unitary system in which the central government has most of the power and the lower levels of governments has little or no power. And the federal system in which the central government shares power with the lower levels of governments. There are two types of power in the national government the expressed and implied powers. The expressed power granted by the constitution to congress and the implied power derived from the clause of article I.