The two pulls which attract illegal aliens are jobs and family connections. A typical immigrant worker earns one-tenth his American counterpart, and many American businesses are hiring cheap, compliant labor from abroad; and these businesses are seldom punished because of lack of viable system to check a newly immigrant worker.
Furthermore, most illegal immigrants have strong social ties that assist illegal immigrants with connections – thus this help create immigration networks used by illegal aliens and serve as incubators for illegal immigration, providing jobs, housing, and entry to America for illegal-alien relatives and fellow countrymen. The standard response to illegal immigration has been increased border enforcement. And, in fact, such tightening of the border was long overdue.
But there has been almost no attention paid to enforcement at worksites within the United States. Nor has there been any recognition that the networks created by high levels of legal immigration contribute to mass illegal immigration according to the article Illegal Immigration The article Economic costs of legal and illegal immigration, explicitly mentioned that the most problematic entry for illegal aliens is the America-Mexico border. The economic and social consequences of illegal immigration across the 1,940 mile long America-Mexico border are staggering.
An average of 10,000 illegal aliens cross the border every day – over 3 million per year. A third will be caught and many of them immediately will try again. About half of those remaining will become permanent U. S. residents (3,500 per day). Currently there are an estimated 9 to 11 million illegal immigrants in the U. S. , double the 1994 level. A quarter-million illegal aliens from the Middle-east currently live in the U. S, and a growing number are entering by crossing the Mexican border.
This influx of illegal immigrants to the US cost billions of dollars that are directly from taxpayers’money, and have been used for medical services. Many hospitals in cities that have illegal aliens met problems because of federally-mandated programs requiring free emergency room services to illegal aliens. Guzzardi (2003) mentioned that the General Accounting Office traveled to southern Arizona to study the impact of illegal immigrants on Arizona and other border state hospitals.
In 2002, three hospitals located in Cochise County funded more than $1 million in uncompensated health care costs… The Florida Hospital Association surveyed 28 hospitals and found that health care for illegal aliens totaled at least $40 million in 2002. Moreover, taxpayers pay almost half-a-billion dollars per year for incarcerating illegal alien criminals. The article Economic costs of legal and illegal immigration called Illegal Immigration as a net drain on the economy; corporate interests reap the benefits of cheap labor, while taxpayers pay the infrastructural cost.
It further mentioned Federation of American Immigration Report (FAIR) result of the research that "the net annual cost of immigration has been estimated at between $67 and $87 billion a year. The National Academy of Sciences found that the net fiscal drain on American taxpayers is between $166 and $226 a year per native household. Even studies claiming some modest overall gain for the economy from immigration ($1 to $10 billion a year) have found that it is outweighed by the fiscal cost ($15 to $20 billion a year) to native taxpayers. "
In a speech by President Bush, he mentioned ways to address illegal immigration issues which includes securing the borders, temporary worker program, tamper-proof identification, opposition to amnesty, and an immigration reform bill that is comprehensive, with all elements addressed together. He said that America needs to conduct this debate on immigration in a reasoned and respectful tone and always remember that real lives will be affected by debates and decisions, and that every human being has dignity and value no matter what their citizenship papers say.