Alternatives to imprisonment

Parole and probation are part of sentences that are given to individuals who have been found guilt of a given crime. Although they are both sentences, one is given during the legal proceedings as part of judgment while parole is given after an individual has served part of his/her term in jail due to proper conduct. This paper is going to look into the differences between the two and their characteristics. Although the jobs of probation officers and parole may seem the same, there are a number of differences regarding the two types of jobs.

Probation is usually part of the judgment given by the judge for a given crime. The judge decides on the amount of time that a given individual who has been found guilt is going to spend in jail depending on the state laws and the amount of time that an individual is expected to be on probation after imprisonment. An individual convicted of a minor crime can only be sentenced to a year to several years in jail by the judge (Rush & Arco, 2001).

When an individual is on probation, he/she may be required to visit a probation officer once in a while depending on the period set either once a week or in a month. There are other conditions that may accompany the probation such as a ban on driving. These conditions should be strictly followed or else the individual may be sent back to jail to complete the original sentence and the additional one for the new crime committed. According to Rush & Arco (2001), parole is given to individuals in jail.

These are individuals who have been sentenced to a long term in prison but are pardoned after behaving well in prison. The parole board is the one responsible for giving this kind of pardon after various considerations have been put in place. An individual is not supposed to commit any crime during this period and is supposed to follow the conditions given to him/her prior to the release failure to do so; he/she risks being taken back to jail.

Therefore, parole is given by a parole board after a convict has served some term in prison while probation forms part of the judgment given by the judge during case proceedings. Both of them are accompanied by conditions that an individual is required to follow. Probation officers are mostly employed by the USA courts while parole officers work under the U. S. department of Justice’s Bureau of prisons. Probation is given by the judge while parole is given by parole board in jail. References Rush, P. & Arco, J. (2001). Master Probation Officer/Parole Officer. Princeton, New Jersey: Peterson’s