Agrarian Reform. Summary

1. Ferdinand Marcos was the son of a politician, he practiced as a trial lawyer before serving under Manuel Roxas, the first Introduction president of the independent Philippines. He was himself elected president in 1966. In his first term, he made progress in agriculture, industry, and education. 2. Certain habits/behaviors of the people contribute to the obstacles to modernization. 1. Ethic of “utang na loob” . 2. Colonial mentality . 3. A spirit of self-sacrifice for theIn-group harmony and coherence . “Sa ikauunlad ng bayan, disiplinaprogress of the nation was needed. ang kailangan” . 3. The specific areas of the New Society envisioned by Pres.

Marcos for reform: 1.Peace and Order 2.Land Reforms 3.Educational Reforms 4.Labor Reforms 5.Government Reorganization 6.Economic Reforms 7.Social Services 4. Martial1. Peace and Order Criminals were either captured andlaw – to restore peace and order Exploitation of the poor anddetained or killed 2. Land Reforms Presidential Decree No. 2 -landless peasants by their landlords Presidential Decreeproclaiming the “whole country as a reform area” By the end of martial law in 1981, 532, 153No. 27 – abolishes tenancy tenant-farmers had become owners of rice and corn lands in 45 provinces. 5.

3. Marcos believed that education was a veryEducational Reforms President Marcosimportant role towards the goal of the “New Society”. vowed that his administration “shall educate our children, our men and Education Development Decree of 1972 – defines awomen, and ourselves.” more responsive role for the education system 6. 4. Labor Reforms Presidential Decree No. 21 – fast and just settlementsFirst Labor Day of disputes through the National Labor Relations Commission Presidential Decree 99 – minimum wages for household helpers Presidential Decree No. 143 – “Blue Sunday Law” (mandatory rest for Presidential Decree No. 148 – eliminatesevery worker once a week) anti-employment provisions of the Woman and Child Labor Law Presidential Decree No. 197 – More effective apprenticeship program 7. 5. Presidential Decree No.

1 – “IntegratedGov’t Reorganization Reorganization Plan (dismiss corrupt officials) (a total of 6, 655 employees were dismissed) 6. Economic Reforms Year Annual rate of Growth Pre-War 3.3% GNP Growth Post-War 5.5% Rate 1978-1979 6.1% 1979-1980 5.4% 1980-1981 4.9% 8. Pre-War (1920- Post-War (1946- 1978-1980 1940) 1970) Rice Rice Coconut Corn Corn Centrifugal Sugar Sugar Sugar Lumber/Plywood 6 Key Industries of the Coconut Coconut Copper/Iron Philippines Abaca Logs Fruits/Vegetables Tobacco Copper Miscellaneous Presidential Decree No. 3 – appropriating funds for publicproducts works involving rehabilitation and capital development 9.

7. Social The Marcos Administration extended social services availableServices Aim – to maketo the people, focusing on the people affected by poverty the people self-reliant and productive 1.Health and Nutrition 2.Family Planning 3.Housing and Human Settlements