Technology has changed the world as we know it. Through many decades of research and inventions the world has transformed from what used to be simple mechanics to complex engineering in functionality. Many people often argue the fact of whether it is good or bad. How has the advancements of technology affected the world today? Technology has made life easier for us by way of communication, transportation, and education. Advancements in Communication
Our ways of communicating to one another has grown enormously over the years. What once started as a simple conversation or a letter delivered by a courier has transformed to multiple new ways of getting a message to one another. Because of technology we are able to converse with others over far distances at the speed of sound; for example, the invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell. The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, which was used by talking to an operator and having them connect you to the person that you wished to speak to.
In 1915 Alexander Graham Bell made the first transcontinental telephone call to Thomas Watson from New York to San Francisco by using a new invention called the long distance signal by using the world’s longest telephone line; which was made up from 2,500 tons of copper wire and 130,000 poles. By this time telephones had switched to what was called rotary dialed phones, which made it easier for people to make calls to one another without the use of an operator by the using electronic switching systems and other technological advances were soon invented.
The North American Numbering System was invented in 1947. This was a system that assigned telephone numbers to the customers in the United States as well as Canada and many Caribbean nations. The phone numbers consists of ten digits. The first three numbers identifies the area that is being called, the next three numbers are called the prefix and are used to locate the nearest central or switching office, and the last four digits represent the line number.
From rotary dialed phones became touch tone phones, and touch tone phones soon became cellular phones after the invention of the satellite. Now in the Twenty-First Century, billions of people have gone wireless and are now able to talk, send messages, and pictures while on the go. Another great advancement in communication is the internet. The internet is a server which allows us to send messages electronically by use of computers as well as see one another from far away in real time.
Thanks to advancements in technology such as the internet, just about anything you want can be delivered to your doorstep in a matter of days. You can look up anything from a long-lost family member to registered sex offenders in the community. You can trade stocks or file taxes online, and personal information is more accessible over the internet as well. Communication has truly reached new heights thanks to technology. Advancements in Automobiles
Ferdinand Verbiest built the first steam-powered automobile in 1672 as a toy for the Chinese Emperor. It was too small to carry a human, but is still arguably the first working steam-powered vehicle in history. In 1784 William Murdoch built the first working model of a steam-powered carriage, and Richard Trevithick was running the first full-sized vehicle on the road in 1801. However, the first automobile patent in the United States was granted to Oliver Evans in 1789. In 1815 a professor by the name of Josef Bozec, built the first oil-fired steam car.
Walter Hancock, builder and operator of London steam buses, built the four-seat steam phaeton in 1838. Dr. J.W. Carhart invented the first steam-powered carriage-sized automobile suitable for use on existing wagon roads in the United States in 1871.The development of steam-powered automobiles continued up into the early twentieth century; however, the invention of petrol engines became the motive power of choice in the late 19th century and soon led to the end of steam-powered vehicles.
In 1888 a German inventor by the name of Andreas Flocken, invented The Flocken Elektrowagen, which is considered to be the first real electric automobile of the world. Karl Benz invented the first real practical gas-powered internal combustion engine in 1885. Karl Benz was granted a patent for his automobile in1886, and began the first production of automobiles in 1888. In 1889, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach designed a vehicle from scratch to be an automobile rather than a horse-drawn carriage fitted with an engine.
Daimler and Maybach are also credited for the invention of the first motorcycle in 1886. Brothers Charles and Frank Duryea founded the Duryea Motor Wagon Company in 1893 and became the first American automobile manufacturing company in the United States.
During 1908-1927 the Ford Model T was the most produced four seated car of the era. It used a planetary transmission and a pedal-based control system (, 2006). The Ford Model T was voted the most influential car of the twentieth century in the International Car of the Century Awards. From 1919-1929 marked the era known as “The Vintage Era.” During this time, front-engine cars became dominate, with closed bodies and standardized controls being the norm. The majority of mechanical technology used in today’s vehicles had been invented by the 1930’s, although some things were later reinvented and credited to someone else.
The modern era; which is defined as the twenty-five years before the current year, has changed the performance and designs of cars as we know it. The modern era has been one of increasing standardization, platform sharing and computer-aided design. The modern era has brought forth rapidly rising fuel efficiency and engine output, as well as different styles and shapes such as; the sedan, the hatchback, luxury coupes, and sport utility vehicles. Advancements in Trains
The Ancient Greeks used rutway, which is prepared earth road that forced land cars to travel along a predetermined path, much like trains. This method was used frequently between 650 BC and First Century AD. In the early 1500’s Germans began using “Hunds,” which are hand propelled cars, to transport coal from the mines. The first above ground railway was opened in 1798 in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England.
It was used to transport coal with horse powered wagons and was named “Lake Lock Rail Road.” Matthew Murray created the first steam-powered locomotive and was showcased to the public by Richard Trevithick in 1804. The first passengers started traveling on trains in 1807. 1913 marked the year of the first diesel powered locomotives to be used in Sweden.
The United States introduced the use of diesel powered locomotives in 1939 which traveled at a max speed of thirty mile per hour. In 1953 Japan introduced Odakyu 3000 series SE Romancecar, which was diesel-electric powered and traveled at a world record breaking speed of 90 miles per hour (Ruetter, 2009).
Now in the twenty-first century, thanks to technology we have access to all different types of locomotive transportation such as; subways, trolleys and monorails. Along with the invention of the world’s first commercially operated Magnetic Levitation Train System which is a train that operates by floating on top of the tracks by use of an electromagnetic suspension system. The Advancements of Technology in Education
Education in the twenty-first century is also heavily influenced by the integration of technology. Instead the traditional pen and paper that formed the toolkit for success in the classrooms of previous generations, today’s students come to school with a very different type of toolkit such as; laptops, iPods, and smartphones. Not only has the tools used in a classroom transformed because of technology, the traditional classroom itself has changed. Instead of a blackboard, erasers, desks and paper, classrooms are now filled with desktop computers and projector screens which make life much easier for both teachers and students.
Along with the technology that has been implemented into classrooms, the traditional classroom itself has integrated into online classes as well. Thanks to technology, student of today have the option to attend school from the comforts of their own home by way of internet. The internet allows students to achieve a wide variety of degrees, certifications and training without ever stepping foot in a classroom.
Teachers have also found that the use of social media sites like Facebook Twitter has created an increase in both grades and classroom participation (McGrath, 2008). The use of technology has made are children extremely advanced. Instead of just learning how to read and write, children are learning how to use today’s technology in kindergarten. This allows are kids to become more efficient and successful in the latter years of their life. Conclusion
The integration of technology has changed our lives for the better. Technology makes our everyday needs more accessible and easier to understand. The older ways were just a stepping stone to what is soon to come in the future. Communication, transportation, and education are now easier and more accessible than ever thanks to the advancements in technology. References McGrath, Jane.
“How has technology changed the way we conduct business?” 11 June 2008. HowStuffWorks.com. 09 June 2014. Wheely interesting automobile history. (2006, Oct 13). Current Events, 106, 2. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/196422498?accountid=458 Reutter, M. (2009). Bullet trains for america? The Wilson Quarterly, 33(4), 26-33. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/197256531?accountid=458