Young children watch 8,000 murders and 100,000 acts of violence before leaving elementary school. – http://tqjunior. thinkquest. org/5676/. Is violence in America influenced by some television? Before this course, I would have been likely to have said yes. Now I think that I have to rethink all of what I thought before. One the one hand, a lot of statistics show that there is a lot of violence on television, but at the same time, if some of that is not shown, then that would be censorship (now I know that I am against that! )
Does the media really glamorize violence and cause society to be more violent? According to Michael Massing from the book Violence in the Media through movies such as "Pulp Fiction" and "L. A. Confidential" violence has been made the way to solve problems quickly and easily. A family in West Paducha, Kentucky also feels that violence in our society has been contributed to by the media and more specifically movies. They have an declared a law suit against the person behind the shooting claiming that it was encouraged by the movie "The Basketball Diaries".
Do these families have any real proof that this movie or video games had any influence on the perpetrator to do this act of violence? If there really is a problem with violence in the media that is causing children to be overly violent, how should it be solved? Joan E. Bertin feels that the problem of media violence does not justify censorship. As an Executive Director of the National Coalition Against Censorship she feels that everything goes back to the First Amendment.
The First protects violent speech and this is true even where minors are concerned. The human race has always been violent. Video games, television shows, and movies have not made us violent overnight. As Joan E. Bertin said, "- Think of the Crusades, the Inquisition, the Holocaust and other institutionalized forms of torture and violence" (Violence in the Media p. 41). Does this mean that we should not show any of these historic events on television or talk about them in school for fear that some child is going to try and imitate Hitler?
Before this course, I was the first to say that violence on television was the cause of violence in America. Now I am uncertain of why there is violence in America and what can be done about it. I no longer believe that censorship is the answer to anything, because censorship is what corrupts, not the materials that are censored. Christine Conlon the creator and designer of http://www. journalism. uts. edu. au/ found some great examples of how minorities are under-represented as well and misrepresented in the media.
A number of studies have confirmed how representations of minorities are not only limited in typical media, but tremendously prejudiced. An example that most probably would not think about (at least I did not until I read it) is the representation of Australians. It is shown in the media that Australians have a general lack of sensitivity and understanding and are usually depicted as violent, criminal, riotous, troublesome and a threat to the "normal" white society. Five things that I would recommend to the media programmers, advertisers, and journalists would be to:
One thing that I might try would be to have a survey sent out to different people trying to figure out how they perceive certain minorities and why they think of them that way. If they thought prejudice towards a certain minority because that is what they see on television or in the media in general, then I would… try to work different aspects of those minorities in the media and see if I could help achieve the perfect world where there is no racism and where everyone gets along perfectly! Doing this might be a little harder.
Go with the non-traditionalist approach. Have a role reversal from everyday television and go with exactly that. Just use more people in the shows and in the studios. Would that not be the simplest answer? If so, then why is it so hard for us to achieve that? The media concentration of ownership refers to the few companies that have a lot of power in the media. (Almost like an oligopoly. ) The four major trends in media concentration of ownership are newspaper chains, television networks, vertical integration, and corporate conglomeration.
The largest newspaper chain is the Gannett Co. Inc. It has daily newspapers and TV stations in Guam, the United Kingdom, and all except for 8 states in the United States. It locally owns the Democrat and Chronicle and WGRZ-TV Buffalo (Okay, so that is locally for me! ) The major television networks at ABC (which is owned by Disney) NBC (which is owned by General Electric), and CBS (which is owned by Viacom). Vertical integration concentrates ownership by acquiring companies that are in related businesses, such as program production and distribution.
An example of this is AOL acquiring Netscape. Corporate conglomeration is the merging of two large companies into one even larger company. A great example that has happened recently is the AOL-Time Werner merge. Could this merge be causing a monopoly? I do not think so. I actually think that it is great and exciting to see such success in an industry that is actually quite new to the world. The advantages of media concentration are that big chains that work hard and do things right get a chance to make a lot of money.
Perhaps in some cases, it may even be cheaper for people like us to use their sources and materials because they are a larger chain and it may allow them to keep their prices down in the long run. Disadvantages of course is the fact that it really eliminates a lot of competition in the market and does not allow for new companies or chains to have a chance in the particular market. Concentration of ownership is closely related to Rochester because the Gannett Co. Inc. originally began here. Even though it did move to Virginia, they still kept the best-known paper (to Rochestarians) the Democrat and Chronicle.