The confinement model establishes eight dimensions that should be used to measure the efficiency and ability of the prison systems to fully achieve its objectives. These measures include safety of the society from the menace caused by the criminal offenders, security of the prisoners while in the facilities, order of the facilities to prevent instances of disturbance and escape activities.
The respect and provision of the rights and prevalence of justice to the prisoners is also measured in form of the care attributed to the prisoners, for instance the fair treatment of the prisoners in accordance to the stipulated prison policies and regulations that ensures every prisoner is accorded the same treatment. This further helps in unifying the prisoners thus eliminate the pride of superiority or importance over the others (Gaes et al. , 2004).
The activities availed to the prisoners which includes the type of engagement the prisoners are accorded to help them occupy their prison time and reduce the immoral activities that results due to a lot of free time, for example growth of conflicts which results to death of inmates, are also identified. Some of the activities include farming or construction which helps the prisoners to earn wages or prison incentives.
Condition and management are also part of the dimensions of the confinement theory; they help to ensure the stipulated guidelines of the prison system are implemented and occasionally evaluated to determine their efficiency. Prisoners are also entitled to training programs which maybe educational or vocational and treatment programs which include the process of handling the grievances aired out by the inmates and the diversity of handling their personal issue among others.
These two disciplines constitute the rehabilitation-oriented operation model (Gaes et al. , 2004). Studies done in Louisiana across the prison facilities in the state were aimed at comparing the efficiency of the private and government prison facility in implementing the concept outlined by the confinement model and the rehabilitation-oriented operation model (Archambeault & Donald, 1996). The results showed that the measures undertaken by the private correction facilities were more efficient than those devised by the government prison facilities.
The high rate of comfort, prevalence of good relationship and staff engagement into their work supported the results displayed by the study. According to Lonn and Parker the prison facilities that are privately managed in Florida have a higher effect on the rehabilitation of the prisoners (pp. 126-129). To support their conclusion they explained that the prisoners released from these correction facilities are more reformed since the chances of their re-conviction due to repeat of the same criminal offenses are minimal.
Whereas those released from federal or state government correction facilities had a higher probability of being re-convicted due to the same or a different criminal offense (Lonn & Parker, 1998). From the referred studies, the prisoners reported having received health care which included medical, dental, mental health care and HIV/AIDS education from the two sectors; however the frequency of provision of these health amenities was reported to be higher in the private prison facilities than in the federal or government prison facilities (Lonn & Parker, 1998).
Studies conducted in Minnesota to determine the efficiency of the prison facilities managed by the Correctional Corporation of America’s Prairie Correctional Facility (PCF) and Minnesota Department of Corrections (MDC) support the finding. The frequency of provision of these health amenities was higher in the prison systems run by PFC than in the prison systems run by DOC (Gaes et al. , 2004).