The two are quite connected but is from fro similar. Equality of opportunity is a case where every individual or group is given the same access or opportunity to avail of a benefit or privilege as with every other individual or group. A key concept that has to be remembered here is opportunity to access or to avail. Equality of results, on the other hand, is a social philosophy that entails all persons or groups receiving the same benefits or privileges. An example to illustrate this is a in a raffle where the price is one whole cake.
To ensure equality of opportunity, every individual concerned should be given 1 raffle ticket each. Hence, all of them have equal opportunity town the raffle. But once the raffle has been executed, only one would win, and this would mean that only one person gets the cake, although everyone of them had the opportunity to win. If we want to ensure that there would be equality of results, then, there should be no raffle at all. And instead, the cake should be sliced and divided to the actual number of people involved.
This process will ensure that everyone would have equal amount of cake, and thus, equality of results is attained. The consequences of the dichotomy actually relates to the role of institutions of the government or even the government itself. Traditionally, governments are assumed to ensure equality of opportunity — through “negative rights”, for example, allowing all citizens to have freedom of speech, have their religion, and ensure their property is safe from the agencies of government, regardless of membership to any group or groups that could be favored or disfavored.
Agencies of the government are also assumed to implement or guard equality of outcome — such as by creating or implementing social welfare policies and programs for the poor, or affirmative action for physically challenged, certain minorities, and similar moves. Equality of opportunity and results are very open to interpretation. This equality of opportunity is sometimes mocked with this classic joke: X is a free country, in which every man, rich or poor, has the right to buy an elephant.
Obviously, the poor man cannot exercise this so-called right. This, however, ignores the fact that with equality of opportunity, everyone has the chance to become rich. The cake example above is a related case where one could actually argue if an equal-sized slice of cake should be the “result” or should those who are hungrier than other get larger slices of the cake, so that by the end of the day, all individual is sated equally.
In this case, it would reward individual for becoming fat (because they need more quantity from the cake for them to be sated fully).
“Equality of opportunity versus equality of results. ” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 11 Oct 2007, 01:15 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 11 Nov 2007. http://en. wikipedia. org/w/index. php? title=Equality_of_opportunity_versus_equality_of_results&oldid=163704962.