International laws provide effective mechanisms for conservation of nature. This has been indicated by the high levels of natural resources management at different levels of local, national, regional, and international considerations. Most of the countries and economic blocks are currently emphasizing on the need to ensure better environmental management to articulate sustainability of their production systems upon which they entirely depend on .
However, some of the current deteriorating environmental consideration has been caused by poor domestication, articulation, and harmonization of international laws by individual countries and states. With much bitterness, scholars have lamented about the countries reduced capacity to comprehend the inability of their non-inclusive sole conservation strategies which factors not the interconnectedness of the natural environment. As a result, this has created a strong rift between the conservations and implementing bodies over who is to blame for the mayhem .
Over the years, the desire to advance and grow economically, socially, and culturally have been entirely dependent on nature. Whereas various countries lag behind in implementation s of different conservation laws in theirs jurisdictions, it is clear that we are committing the world into a more perilous state than it is currently. Virtually all products and services are nature derived. Even for the few that may claim non-derivative status, their transport and eventual spatial temporal application have great connotation of nature .
This essay gives a deep evaluation of the current international laws and their application in the international concept aimed at establishing the missing link. Tracing the origin of the concerns for environment, the essay extrapolates the sequential development of various nature conservation protocols and conventions in the world. Using direct application examples, the paper highlights various countries perception, application, and overall response necessary to determine their commitment to operationalizing these protocols.
Underscoring the underlying issues of development in the world, both in developed and developing world, the essay expounds on some of the thorny issues that block not just the application, but subsequent coordination to enhance a better universe. Finally, the essay concludes by giving appropriate recommendations that could be very essential in reversing the whole situation. Background and overview Since the First United Nations Conference on Human Environment in 1972, massive laws and statutes have been passed to conserve the nature.
Though much has been achieved, the rate of nature deterioration is approaching unbearable levels . Extinction and threatening of biodiversity, destruction of water resources, advancement of drought, loss of soil fertility, reducing levels of forest cover, increasing global warming, rising pollution of water, land and air resources and overexploitation of natural resources has embraced the globe in the 20th and 21st century. Natural conservation laws are directly aimed at enhancing inter and intra-generational equity through sustainable exploitation of the available resources in the world.
Though meant to enhance continued supply of the human support systems, direct misunderstanding has embraced most administrations as they view these laws to be part of their stabling blocks to advance . Global warming and climate change Global warming is the increase in the average temperatures on the troposphere due to excessive emissions of green house gases into the atmosphere. Scientifically, green house gases allow easy penetration of short wavelength radiations from the outer space while obscuring escape of the long wavelength radiations from the earth surface.
As a result, there has been a direct build up of the surface temperatures in the earth causing vast climate changes. As a concern by the natural laws, this change has been directly linked to massive destruction of natural ecosystems in the world. Excessive thawing of ice in the Polar Regions, rising levels of the sea, loss of forests, flooding, higher levels of tropical weather systems and most importantly increasing desertification.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCC) This is an international environmental treaty which was established at the Earth Summit held in Rio De Janeiro in the year 1992 and was aimed at stabilizing green house gases emissions in the world. This convention reflects strong broad concerns and commitments to addressing the problems of climate change. However, the treaty set no mandatory limits on green house gases which made it legally non-binding.
Instead, it called for protocols that would establish mandatory emission limits which would be followed by the member states . Arguably, the green house gases have turned out to be intrinsically and externally complex as countries struggle to attain the industrialization mark. Since the end of the convention, scholars argue that most of the countries which later considered the implication of reducing their emissions linked it to collapsing of their economies upon which their entire systems depend on .
Besides, the developing countries saw the initiative as a ‘non-starter’ that was aimed at forcing them to remain behind from reaching the points which developed countries had reached. Kyoto protocol Arguably, the most destructive greenhouse gases emitted to the atmosphere are Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrous Oxides, and Sulfur Hexafluoride which are mostly emitted from industrial processes. Therefore Kyoto Protocol was legally mandated to establish the binding limits that countries would use for reducing their emissions into the atmosphere .
By the year 2008,183 states had ratified the protocol with others taking more time evaluate its long term implications to them. Arguably, this was one of the most effectively drawn international law as it took into consideration the prior concerns for different states regarding their development status. Member countries in Annex 1 of the United Nations Frameworks Conference on Climate Change were required to reduce their green house gases emission levels of 1990s with 5. 2% by the year 2010 .
To arrive at this figure, the Protocol noted the following aspect which should be used by different member states to articulate it in their considerations; (a) The largest share of historical and current emissions of the green house gases has originated from the developed economies. (b) The amount of per capita emissions from the developing countries is very low. (c) The share of the global emissions from the less developed countries will continue to increase as they try to meet their social and economic developmental needs.