Table Of Contents 1. History of the European Union 2. The Netherlands and Europe 3. Positive rated topics by Dutch people 4. Negative feelings towards European Union 5. Advantages and disadvantages of the European Union 6. The European Policy from the Netherlands in the coming years 7. Sources History of the European Union Nowadays the European Union contains 27 members and is created as a political and economic community throughout Europe. There were some reasons to start to work together, but it took quite a long time till the final form and name.
After WWII in the late 1940s the main players in the world decided that a situation like the war, should never happen again and they should find a way to exclude the change of a war. The countries: France, United Kingdom, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy and the Netherlands were unified and founded in 1952 the European Coal and Steel Community. Today these countries are still seen as the founders of the ‘European Union’ In 1957 was the next step in the way to the European Union. The Cold War, protest and conflicts between western and Eastern Europe European Union at start 1952 showed the need further Unification. The results of these negotiations was the European Economic community, clearified in the treaty or Rome. Within the countries of the community was free travelling possible for people and products.
Through the years more and more countries entered the European Economic Community. In the end of the 1980s Europe was almost unified, the single European Act was signed in 1987, to create one single market for all the trade. With the breakdown of the Berlin Wall in 1989 the last border between east and west was gone, and they began to create a united Europe.
European Union in 1992 The final shape of the European Union With the interconnection between the countries was it not only easier to trade with each other, also the citizens had a lot more interaction, they felt more connected and feel more responsible for the bigger problems. Issues like environment and security became hot. Another advantage was that people can travel through a lot of countries. The name ‘European Union’ was founded in the treaty of Maastricht in 1992, and this treaty was put into action in 1993. At that moment the European Union contains 12 countries.
The Treaty of Maastricht identified five goals designed to unify Europe in more ways than just economically. The goals are: 1) To strengthen the democratic governing of participating nations. 2) To improve the efficiency of the nations. 3) To establish an economic and financial unification. 4) To develop the “Community social dimension. ” 5) To establish a security policy for involved nations. To reach these goals there were various policies for different issues, for example, industy, education, youth. Finally, the European gets his own currency, in 1999 the Euro was founded and in 2002 the first billets and coins were used.
In the period from 2004 till 2008 the European Union welcomed his last members, what brings the total number of members on 27. (Geography. about. com, 12-10) [pic] Member states Nowadays The Netherlands and Europe In World War II, the Netherlands didn’t play such a big role, the army did everything they could, but it was not enough to stop the Germans. In 4 days the Netherlands lost the war, especially through the bombardments on Rotterdam and later on Middelburg. And even when the Netherlands weren’t that important in the war, they were one of the six founders of the first European Coal and Steel Community.
First I will give you an short introduction about the Netherlands. The Netherlands The Netherland is quite a small country in the North-West of Europe. It borders to Germany in the west and Belgium in the south, in the other places it borders to the sea. The Netherlands have 16 million inhabitants, what is a quite a lot for such a small country. The spoken language is Dutch, what shows some similarities with German and English. The country is almost whole the history in a battle with the water. The main reason for this battle is that the Netherlands for around 40% is situated below the sea level.
The history shows that the Netherlands already booked some great victories, but also some losses against the water. They made a lot of places dry, the so-called ‘Polders’ and also the created Dikes are examples of huge improvements. The best example is the connection between Northern Holland and Friesland, this is the Afsluitdijk. Next to the water expertise is the Netherlands well-known in Europe for a couple other reasons. Here you can see some other typical Dutch products, or others famous things. 1. Legal soft drugs in The Netherlands 2. Tulips 3. Windmeals 4.
Cheese ( Gouda, Edammer) 5. Stroopwafel ( waffle with caramel) 6. Different sort of fish, Herring, smoked Ale etc. 7. Drop ( sweets) The Netherlands and the European Union Within the European Union the Netherlands is seen as one of the biggest proponents of the European Union. But a referendum in 2005 showed that this opinion was changed. The Dutch citizens rejected the new constitutional European law. In 2011 around 50% of the Dutch citizens said they have the feeling that they don’t know enough about the European Union, they don’t know exactly how the union is working.
In the past years, this percentage is growing. A survey showed also that the majority of the people is not really interested in the European Union. When they see a television program about the European Union, most of the people will switch to another program. A research in 2009 showed that 57% of the people answered yes, on the question if they feel a European citizen. The most important topics in Europe are in the opinion of the Dutch citizens: Economy, Environment and Safety. Positive rated topics by Dutch people.
In the opinion of the Dutch people is it good that the Netherlands is a member of the European Union, the people also think that the country has advantages by the membership, mostly trade advantages. Finally, the Dutch citizens think that Europe is going to get us out of this financial crisis. In all of the statements above is the Dutch opinion more positive than the average of Europe. For the inhabitant of the Netherlands de most important personal aspect of the European Union depends. Most people said: ‘ Free travelling, studying and employment’.
Other people think the change to the new currency ( Euro) is for them the most important event. On the third place you find the bureaucracy. Trust In 2005 there was not so much trust in the European Union, the following years it was increasing but unfortunately, the Crisis make the level of trust in the Union decrease again. Almost half of the Dutch people trust the European Union. Around 65% still trust the European central bank. In comparing to the European average, the Dutch people trust Europe more than others. ( for example in the ECB 59% against 36%). The trust in the Euro was in the end of 2011 quite high, with 71%.
When you look to the future of the European Union, it looks like that all the countries wants to give more power to Brussels. Especially in the cases of a common foreign and safety policy, 65% is positive. Also a common immigration policy is wanted, in the Netherlands, but also in the other countries. In the case of taxes and retirement, the countries wants to keep the power and possibility to do their own things. Negative feelings towards European Union The Dutch people have also some fears towards the European Union, or thinks what is not going well in their eyes.
The main fears of the Dutch citizens are in some ways different then the fears of the European citizens. In the table below, you can see a clear overview of the different fears. You can see that the Netherlands has a strong economy and that the economic crisis doesn’t have so much impact as in other European countries. The fact that people are less afraid for the unemployment shows this really good. |Fears of the citizens |NL |EU | |Economic crisis |55% |37% | |Healthcare |46% |12% | |Unemployment |32% |48% | |Deficit |14% |17% | Facts of 2012.
The direction of the European Union People are also not really happy with the direction of the European Union. In 2010 39% of the people said the Union is going in the wrong direction. Nowadays, around 55% of the people share that opinion. In this case the Dutch people or more complaining about the direction then the average European citizens. A logical cause of this development is of course the financial crisis. When you look to the expansion of the European Union, is 53 % of the average Citizens against the entering of new countries.
In the Netherlands this percentage is even higher, 64 per cent. It is striking that the older members of the European Union are more against then the newer ( East-European) countries. Advantages and disadvantages of the European Union The European Union has for every country advantages and disadvantages. One country has probably more advantages then others, but that’s always the point with a community. The following part will give an overview about some of the advantages and disadvantages of the European Union for the Netherlands. Advantages.
– Since the founding of the European Union we live all together in peace. This is the main reason for the founding and is forgotten by a lot of people, nowadays. This is a really important advantage and only this is for a lot of countries enough to be happy with the EU. – The free borders still have big advantages for the Netherlands as a trade-country. It is easier to trade and we can make profit from this situation, the national income is 6 till 8 per cent higher then before the free borders. – As a member of the European Union it is easier to solve the bigger worldwide problems.
We can discuss as a community instead of separate countries. For example the global warming and the environmental problems. – For the citizens are there also some practical advantages, the best examples are the free travelling, living, working and studying in Europe. Disadvantages – The price of all this advantages were in the Netherlands in 2012 around 255 euro per person. This means that the Netherlands a net-payer is in the European Union. For some people is that a problem, but it is the best to not only think in costs but also see what you get back for this money.
– Another disadvantage is that the Netherlands as a country lose the power in some topics in our own country. For example the agricultural legislation. In Europe we have some common policies and as a country you can’t do anything about it anymore. The overview of Net-payers and Net-receivers in The European Unio Financial European situations As a member of the European Union every country should pay a certain amount of there budget to the European Union. Most of the money will be divided to the countries in the form of subsidies. In 1992 the Netherlands receives more money from the EU then it paid.
After 1992 this is changed, nowadays the Netherlands always pay more then it receives. The European Policy from the Netherlands in the coming years The Netherlands formed in 1995 a some new headlines in case of the foreign policy. The General foreign policy consists of 4 major points. 1. Promoting of the European Integration 2. Maintaining of the good contacts with our neighbour countries. 3. The insurance of the European safety and stability ( This is especially done by the NAVO, and the important role of the United Nations for the safety in Europe. 4.
Participation in conflict management and peacekeeping operations. From this points you can conclude that the Netherlands wants to participate in the European Union but also in more widespread operations. With Our good navy equipment and knowledge we want to play an important role in international operations. Next to these main topics, is the Netherlands participating in the normal European Policy, like all the members. Sources – Europa. eu, May 02 2013, – Europaendefeiten. nl, April 26 2013 . – Europe-nu. nl, 2-13 – Geography. about. com, 12-10 – Rijksoverheid. nl, May 3 2013.